A Lecture at UC-Berkeley on Science and Ethical Dilemmas in the Blogosphere

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On November 26 2012, I gave a lecture at a UC-Berkeley for the course “Ethics for Astronomers” led by Paul Kalas, Professor in this university and colleague of mine for several years. I think this kind of courses is extremely important for graduate students who will face ethical issues in their career and need to learn early how to address them.

In my lecture, I discussed first how my career was modified when I started blogging for the  Cosmic Diary of the International Year of Astronomy in January 2009 and some highlights in my work which are direct consequences of this blog and my activity on Twitter. After almost 4  years, I know for sure that a famous professor at UC Berkeley was wrong when she said that “I was wasting my time with this blog“.

In a second section, I tried to motivate the students to become bloggers and thus to participate to the scientific debate in the blogosphere. In fact, the audience was already converted to this idea since most of them were members of the astrobites blog. A blog written by graduate students in Astrophysics at universities throughout the US and Europe. I mentioned the pro and con of the blogging experience, reminding the golden rule: “Do not write anything online (in your blog, in your tweets, in your commentaries) that you will not say in person” and the risks inherent of blogging in particular with the relation with your employer.

The last section of my lecture was dedicated to the #arseniclife debate and how the blogosphere can make science better or worst. I restrained myself for taking sides during this saga which started in december 2010 (with the exception of a few tweets) but I followed it closely.  It was a fascinating exercise to summarize it and to discuss with the students their perception of the story and the way they had imagined this saga could have had a better ending.

Since we conducted this lecture in person and through a Google Hangout, it has been save for posterity on Youtube and can be visualized below:

It is a 2h lecture with a lot of French accent and lengthy discussion, so maybe a bit too long for a general audience. You can however also check the slides of my lecture on Scribd.

Science and Ethical Dilemmas in the Blogosphere

I am glad that we have those technology tools to share with you this discussion.
Blogging is a novel way of communicating with the public, the excitement for science. It is sometimes perilous, often tedious, but ultimately rewarding and fun. I enjoy the freedom of writing this blog and it definitely helps me think thoroughly new ideas and concepts. I often mention to my fellow researchers at the SETI Institute that they should  keep a personal blog, even if they barely use it.

At the end of my lecture, several students agreed that the #Arseniclife saga would not have been such a negative moment in science if Felisa Wolfe-Simon had indeed her own blog and had taken the time to address the comments of her work. The pace of the world is getting faster, and scientists cannot work in their Babel tower pretending that nothing has changed over the years.

Thanks Prof. Paul Kalas for inviting me and Lauren Weiss for setting up the Google Hangout with several Astrobites students. It was fun and very informative, a great learning experience for all I hope.

Clear skies

Franck M.

 

About Franck Marchis

Dr. Franck Marchis is a Researcher at the Carl Sagan Center of the SETI Institute since July 2007. Over the past 15 years, he has dedicated his research to the study of our solar system using mainly ground-based telescopes equipped with adaptive optics. More recently he has been also involved in the definition of new generation of AOs for 8 -10 m class telescopes and future Extremely Large Telescopes. He has developed algorithms to process and enhance the quality of images, both astronomical and biological, using fluorescence microscopy. His currently involved in the development of the Gemini Planet Imager, an extreme AO system for the Gemini South telescope which will be capable of imaging and record spectra of exoplanets orbiting around nearby stars.

4 Responses to A Lecture at UC-Berkeley on Science and Ethical Dilemmas in the Blogosphere

  1. David says:

    There were and are ethical violations in the publication and promotion of the article and the persistence of the authors in maintaining this pseudoscience.

    http://retractionwatch.wordpress.com/2012/07/09/despite-refutation-science-arsenic-life-paper-deserves-retraction-scientist-argues/

    • I disagree that making an honest mistake in a paper is an ethical violation. Science is not about finding the truth but working together to understand the world. If the authors are persisting in maintaining their results, they may have some good reasons (new experiments, future paper). Since their results were published recently, we should give them time to address the critics and clarify their experiment. If the community ends up by disagreeing with them they will be isolated and we will all forget about it.
      There are so many nice, interesting and validated results published every day that we have enough work in our hands. Why shall we NOT be spending time in criticizing the negative work and running a vendetta against a scientist who made an honest mistake in one paper. Scientists are supposed to show the example, let’s be classy and tolerant.

      • David says:

        You are clearly unfamiliar with the story if you think that there was merely “an honest mistake in a paper.” Misrepresentation of the data to fit into a ridiculous preconceived notion in order to achieve fame and glory is not “an honest mistake.” There neither is nor ever was any possibility that the authors were correct based on simple chemical principles. Their persistence in maintaining their belief in the face of overwhelming contrary evidence is the epitome of pseudoscientific practice. NASA, Science magazine, the reviewers, most of the media were and continue to be egregiously irresponsible about the matter.
        Toleration of scientific misconduct is not being classy.

    • I don’t want this post to become another proof of scientists being unable to have a discussion without using words like “ridiculous”, “pseedoscientific”, “dishonest”, “irresponsible” and so on… Please, contact me offline if you want to talk about it. We have been using the peer-review process to shield us from displaying these discussions. I should remind your that 11 co-authors supported this work and I can’t imagine that all of them were dishonest and their work should be considered as ridiculous. If you disagree with this work, write a post about it on your blog, or better a referee paper explaining why you think it should be withdrew. It will have significantly more impact that commenting on my post and accusing me of not being unfamiliar with it.

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