Tag Archives: superposition

Buried by ejecta

A Piece of Mars: To see this one well you'll have to click on the image. At the lower right, a 240 m (787 ft) diameter crater formed when a bolide hit the surface, throwing out ejecta on the surrounding ...

Exhumed dunes!

A Piece of Mars: The large dunes in the middle of this 375x450 m (0.23x0.28 mi) scene run along a valley (the small dunes at top and bottom are on high ground). What's amazing about this is that the ends ...

Dunes + Craters = Mars

A Piece of Mars: How do you tell when a planetary landscape shows Mars, instead of Mercury or the Moon or Europa? The easiest way to tell is to look for both craters and dunes, like what's shown here in ...

Mars’ giant sweaters

A Piece of Mars: Sometimes in the floors of small craters, the wind blows in from several directions to produce odd polygon-shaped dunes that look like crochet (maybe Mars is making sweaters for its craters - it is, after all, ...

Steno’s principles, or “how to make sense of pretty landscapes”

A Piece of Mars: Nicholas Steno was a 19th century geologist, who came up with some principles that are still used today to guide interpretation of exposed sedimentary rocks. The principles seem a bit obvious, but then some of the ...

Neverending dust

A Piece of Mars: Some parts of Mars, like this one, are very dusty. This 1.92x1.1 km (1.2x0.67 mi) area has built up a thick deposit of dust that slowly buries the impact craters until they're mere ghosts of the ...

Dune cannibals II

A Piece of Mars: This 0.96x0.54 km (0.60x0.34 mi) scene shows two sets of bedforms (dunes), each aligned in different directions. The more closely-spaced set has sharper crests, and it's superposed on top of (and it is therefore younger than) ...

Windy windows

A Piece of Mars: This 0.96x0.54 km (0.6x0.33 mi) area shows ripples forming on a layer of dark gray material. In a few spots, the gray layer has been eroded away (probably by wind scour), revealing the lighter, tan-colored ...

Is it windblown or not?

A Piece of Mars: This scene is 0.96x0.54 km (0.60x0.34 mi) across. There's an old river valley running across it. The walls of the valley have been eroded and there's a washboard pattern with a wavelength of ~6m (20 ft). ...

Layered winds

A piece of Mars: On the left is high ground, covered with dunes (or maybe they're ripples) running from upper left to lower right. On the right is low ground, covered in deeply eroded dunes (ripples?) running almost from left ...