Small dunes on Mars

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ESP_041089_1980_0.75xA piece of Mars: These dunes are some of the smallest on Mars. The smallest in this frame is ~150 m long (492 ft). But the smallest Earth dunes are ~20 m across. Why are they so much bigger on Mars? The air is thinner, so the wind has to blow stronger to lift sand grains. So once the sand is moving, it goes fast – and therefore goes farther before it lands. This makes for a bigger dune. (HiRISE ESP_41809_1890, NASA/JPL/Univ. of Arizona)

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