Tag Archives: crater

How hills change dunes

A piece of Mars: Using dunes to interpret the winds can be a tricky business. Here's one reason why: most of the dunes here go from the upper left to lower right. But the ones inside the funky oblong crater ...

In the lee

A piece of Mars: This crater (290 m or 950 ft across) is crawling with all sorts of ripples and dunes. The wind mainly blows from the top to the bottom of the frame, and it is responsible for the ...

The wind giveth and the wind taketh away

A piece of Mars: In the center of this image is a 270 m crater (885 ft) that was nearly buried, along with the surrounding terrain, by dust. Since then, wind from the upper left has scoured the dust deposit, ...

Big ripples near Opportunity

A piece of Mars: This shows the location of the rover Opportunity as of late March, 2014. It's been trolling around the rim of Endeavour crater. Just inside the crater, there are some large ripples (the biggest is ~10 m ...

Nooks and crannies

A piece of Mars: This 521x391 m (1709x1283 ft) scene shows a rocky plain with many small impact craters (the bigger ones are ~45 m, or 148 ft across). Dark rippled sand fills the floors of the craters. Why? Once ...

The millipede, rewritten

A piece of Mars: Looks like a millipede, doesn't it? It's something much larger and much less poisonous. It's an ancient dune (or maybe a ripple) on Mars, that once stretched ~285 m (935 ft) from lower left to middle ...

Ancient and slightly less ancient

A piece of Mars: Here are two craters, each of which is ~240 m across. On the right is an old, very eroded crater. It has old, eroded ripples on its floor. The crater on the left is younger, with ...

Little dunes that Curiosity saw last October

A piece of Mars: On Oct. 15, 2013, Curiosity drove past a crater that has small dunes or ripples on its floor. In a new HiRISE image, you can see Curiosity's tracks from that day (its 424th sol on Mars). ...

Growth of ripples over time… a long time.

A piece of Mars: Normally I post color images, but this one is just too cool to skip. These ripples formed ages ago: long enough ago that the impact of several small bolides formed craters (seen on the left), disrupting ...

The holes get filled in

A piece of Mars: Sand that moves into holes in the ground tends to get stuck there. That's why this round hole ~150 m across, which was probably once a crater, is now brimming with sand and capped by ripples. ...