Tag Archives: crater

Wind, wind, impact(!), and then more wind…

A piece of Mars: Some time ago, something hit the ground on Mars and made this impact crater, right into a field of ripples. Stuff thrown up during the impact fell back down, burying the ripples with the gray ejecta ...

Inverted crater

A piece of Mars: This circular hill is 200 m (~656 ft) across and ~48 m (~160 ft) high. It stands alone on a relatively flat plain. Why is it there? The surface here used to be ~48 m higher ...

Wind within vs. wind without

A piece of Mars: Dunes outside the crater are straight but the ones inside the crater look like a spiderweb. Why? This image shows just how much the topography of a crater wall can affect the wind, which produces a ...

How hills change dunes

A piece of Mars: Using dunes to interpret the winds can be a tricky business. Here's one reason why: most of the dunes here go from the upper left to lower right. But the ones inside the funky oblong crater ...

In the lee

A piece of Mars: This crater (290 m or 950 ft across) is crawling with all sorts of ripples and dunes. The wind mainly blows from the top to the bottom of the frame, and it is responsible for the ...

The wind giveth and the wind taketh away

A piece of Mars: In the center of this image is a 270 m crater (885 ft) that was nearly buried, along with the surrounding terrain, by dust. Since then, wind from the upper left has scoured the dust deposit, ...

Big ripples near Opportunity

A piece of Mars: This shows the location of the rover Opportunity as of late March, 2014. It's been trolling around the rim of Endeavour crater. Just inside the crater, there are some large ripples (the biggest is ~10 m ...

Nooks and crannies

A piece of Mars: This 521x391 m (1709x1283 ft) scene shows a rocky plain with many small impact craters (the bigger ones are ~45 m, or 148 ft across). Dark rippled sand fills the floors of the craters. Why? Once ...

The millipede, rewritten

A piece of Mars: Looks like a millipede, doesn't it? It's something much larger and much less poisonous. It's an ancient dune (or maybe a ripple) on Mars, that once stretched ~285 m (935 ft) from lower left to middle ...

Ancient and slightly less ancient

A piece of Mars: Here are two craters, each of which is ~240 m across. On the right is an old, very eroded crater. It has old, eroded ripples on its floor. The crater on the left is younger, with ...