Tag Archives: aeolian

Bedforms on crater rims

A Piece of Mars: Dunes and ripples most commonly form in topographic lows. But not in this 0.96x0.54 km (0.6x0.34 mi) scene. Here, and in other places on Mars, these bedforms (called TARs) form on plains, and sometimes appear to ...

Dunes and rock hurdles in Gale crater (3D)

A Piece of Mars: Wind from the upper left is blowing dark dunes toward the lower right in this 1.92x1.08 km (1.19x0.67 mi) anaglyph (if you don't have your red/blue 3D glasses handy, you can also check out the black ...

On Mars the wind carves stream channels

A Piece of Mars: This 1.6x2 km (1x1.24 mi) scene mostly shows what wind will do to fine-grained, weakly-consolidated surfaces. It has created topography that further strengthens wind scour in the hollows, which even leave kilometers-long grooves reminiscent of water-carved ...

Windblown: ancient and recent

A Piece of Mars: HiRISE is celebrating 10 years of success by showcasing its first high resolution image, taken back in 2006. Here is a portion of it, shown at 1/4 the full resolution (the scene is 2.5x2.5 km across). ...

Light and dark

A Piece of Mars: This 0.96x0.54 km (0.6x0.34 mi) late winter scene is a study in contrast. The dark top half is uniformly rippled. This is the shady surface of the main windward side of one of Mars' biggest dunes, ...

Shades and textures

A Piece of Mars: This 480x270 m (0.3x0.17 mi) scene shows the contact between two very different terrains. On the left is a bright surface with polygonal cracks (characteristic of periglacial terrain - this is at a high latitude). On ...

Eroded dune

A Piece of Mars: Barchan dunes on Mars have a characteristic crescent shape, with a steep slope ("slip face") on the inside of the sharpest curve (see examples like this, this, these, or this). This image (873x491 m, or 0.54x0.31 ...

Where does the windblown stuff come from?

A Piece of Mars: How far do windblown materials move on Mars? This scene (0.9x1.2 km, 0.56x0.75 mi) shows a bright layer of bedrock (top right) that is eroding, exposing a darker, bluish rock (bottom left). Ripples 5-20 m wide ...

Erosional remnants

A Piece of Mars: The erosionally-streamlined bright areas are on high ground. They are remnants of a vast dusty mantle that once covered this whole area - the rest of it has been blown away. The surrounding regions (check out ...

Fossil dunes

A Piece of Mars: This 1.92x1.08 km (1.19x 0.67 mi) scene shows eroded ridges that are, in fact, lithified dunes. They are so old that you might not recognize them as dunes without more context. This doesn't happen much on ...